Pacheco Retail Strategy: A Guide to Success in Digital Retail

In today’s retail landscape, businesses must adapt to succeed in digital retail. The Pacheco Retail Strategy is a proven approach to thriving in digital retail and can be used as a core framework for businesses to achieve their objectives. This comprehensive guide will provide you with a detailed breakdown of the essential components of the Pacheco Retail Strategy and practical tactics you can implement.
Table of Contents

  1. Understanding the Pacheco Retail Strategy
  2. Key Components of the Pacheco Retail Strategy
  3. Implementation Tips for the Pacheco Retail Strategy
  4. Success Stories: Pacheco Retail Strategy at Work
  5. Frequently Asked Questions

Understanding the Pacheco Retail Strategy

The Pacheco Retail Strategy is a comprehensive approach to digital retail that combines aspects of product development, marketing, technology, and analytics, among others. With the rapid growth of e-commerce, more emphasis is placed on engaging customers across various platforms and ensuring that a brand’s digital footprint is strong, responsive, and indicative of the company’s overall values and vision.

This strategy aims to create a seamless buying experience for consumers while optimizing every aspect of the retail process. Let’s dive into the key components of the Pacheco Retail Strategy.

Key Components of the Pacheco Retail Strategy

The Pacheco Retail Strategy can be broken down into six critical components:

  • Product Development – Creating products that cater to digital retail customers by understanding their needs and preferences.
  • Marketing – Building a strong brand presence and engaging customers through digital channels.
  • Technology – Ensuring seamless integration and functionality of digital platforms and tools.
  • Analytics – Utilizing data to make informed decisions and optimize retail processes.
  • Customer Experience – Meeting and exceeding customer expectations through personalized and efficient service.
  • Teamwork & Training – Developing skilled and knowledgeable teams to execute the strategy effectively.

Now, let’s explore the practical implementation tips for the Pacheco Retail Strategy.

Implementation Tips for the Pacheco Retail Strategy

Product Development

To develop products that cater to digital retail customers, you should:

  1. Research customer needs and preferences through surveys and social listening.
  2. Collaborate with influencers and industry experts to validate ideas and receive feedback.
  3. Continuously improve and innovate products based on customer feedback and market trends.


To build a strong brand presence and engage customers through digital channels, you should:

  1. Develop a cohesive brand identity and voice that resonates with your target audience.
  2. Utilize the power of social media and email marketing to connect with customers.
  3. Invest in search engine optimization and digital advertising to increase online visibility.


To ensure seamless integration and functionality of your digital platforms, you should:

    Invest in user-friendly and scalable e-commerce platforms that provide a seamless checkout process.
  1. Integrate customer relationship management (CRM) tools to better understand and manage customer interactions.
  2. Implement data security measures to protect customer information and build trust.


To make informed decisions and optimize retail processes, you should:

  1. Monitor key performance indicators (KPIs) regularly and set benchmarks for success.
  2. Utilize tools like Google Analytics, Google Tag Manager, and Adobe Analytics to collect, analyze, and interpret customer data.
  3. Test and experiment with different strategies and measure their impact on the overall business goals.

Customer Experience

To meet and exceed customer expectations, you should:

  1. Deliver personalized and relevant content based on each customer’s preferences and behavior.
  2. Provide exceptional customer service via multiple channels, such as live chat, email, and social media.
  3. Invest in user experience (UX) design to create intuitive and engaging digital experiences.

Teamwork & Training

To develop skilled and knowledgeable teams, you should:

  1. Establish a clear organizational structure that encourages collaboration and communication.
  2. Provide ongoing training and development opportunities to upskill employees and ensure they have the tools to succeed.
  3. Foster an inclusive and supportive work environment that promotes innovation and problem-solving.

Success Stories: Pacheco Retail Strategy at Work

Here are a few examples of businesses that have successfully implemented the Pacheco Retail Strategy:

  • Brand A: This leading fashion retailer saw a significant boost in online sales by investing heavily in digital advertising and revamping their e-commerce website. They also engaged influencers to increase brand visibility, contributing to a surge in website traffic and conversions.
  • Brand B: A global electronics company credits the Pacheco Retail Strategy for its improved customer experience. Through implementing CRM tools and gathering customer feedback, they were able to develop better products and create highly targeted marketing campaigns, resulting in increased customer satisfaction and loyalty.
  • Brand C: By utilizing powerful analytics tools, this cosmetics brand identified key areas of improvement in their digital retail strategy, which led to personalized content and targeted advertising. The result was a significant increase in customer engagement and revenue.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How can the Pacheco Retail Strategy be tailored to different industries?

When implementing the Pacheco Retail Strategy, consider the unique aspects of your industry and adjust the approaches accordingly. For instance, if you operate in a highly-regulated industry, ensure all marketing materials and product development align with compliance requirements. Tailoring the strategy is all about understanding the nuances of your specific industry and making informed decisions.

2. Can smaller businesses implement the Pacheco Retail Strategy effectively?

Absolutely. The Pacheco Retail Strategy is scalable, and businesses of any size can benefit from its core tenets. Smaller businesses can pick and choose elements that are most applicable to their operations, resources, and goals.

3. Does the Pacheco Retail Strategy work for brick-and-mortar shops that are entering the digital space?

Yes, the Pacheco Retail Strategy is particularly valuable for brick-and-mortar stores looking to expand into the digital sphere. Transitioning into digital retail can be challenging, but leveraging the knowledge and tactics outlined in this strategy can help streamline the process and set your business up for success.

4. Can the Pacheco Retail Strategy be applied to business-to-business (B2B) models?

While this strategy is primarily tailored to business-to-consumer (B2C) retail models, many of its principles are applicable to B2B as well. For instance, strong marketing efforts, technology integration, analytics, and exceptional customer service remain important factors in B2B operations. Customizing the strategy to best serve a B2B audience is crucial.

In conclusion, the Pacheco Retail Strategy serves as a comprehensive guide to mastering digital retail in today’s competitive landscape. By focusing on product development, marketing, technology, analytics, customer experience, and teamwork, businesses of all sizes can create a compelling digital presence and foster meaningful relationships with their customers. Implement the strategies discussed in this guide to make your retail business even more successful.

Frontiers | Attention impairment in patients with cervical dystonia: An attention network test study

Cervical dystonia (CD) is the most common type of focal dystonia in adults. It is characterized by continuous or intermittent involuntary contraction of cervical muscles, leading to involuntary torsion, lateral tilt, flexion, and backwardness of the head and neck (Stacy, 2008). In addition to symptoms of movement disorders, patients with CD may also experience nonmotor symptoms such as pain, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, sexual dysfunction, and cognitive dysfunction (Charles et al., 2016; Hertenstein et al., 2016; Yang et al., 2017; Marek et al., 2018). In the present neuropsychological studies of CD, the study of cognitive function is the mainstream research direction. Relevant studies have shown that the overall cognitive performance of CD patients is normal, as measured by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), but exhibits significant defects in assessments related to specific cognitive skills, such as social cognitive function, executive function, and attention function (Romano et al., 2014; Czekóová et al., 2017; Bastos et al., 2021; Monaghan et al., 2021). Attention is an important aspect of cognitive function. However, only a few studies have focused on attention function in patients with CD. Chillemi et al. (2018) found that the visual spatial attention of CD patients is abnormal. Scott et al. (2003) found that patients with primary dystonia have defects in attention and executive function. Duane (2004) stated that the deficits in executive function and attention of CD patients are the most prominent, and these deficits may not be secondary to motor symptoms. Although some studies have revealed that CD patients have attention dysfunction, the current research on the attention function of CD patients is not thorough or comprehensive. Attention is a prerequisite for all high-level cognitive processes, and the understanding of attention has reached a deeper level based on a large amount of neuroanatomical and cognitive research. Posner and Petersen (1990) divided attention into three independent subnetworks: alerting, orienting, and executive control, and each of them corresponds to a specific anatomical region and neurotransmitter. The Attentional Network Test (ANT; Fan et al., 2002) was designed according to Posner’s attentional theory (Posner and Petersen, 1990). The ANT can not only perform a fine quantitative analysis of the subjects’ attention network function but also may have auxiliary diagnostic value as a basis for neuropsychological evaluation. Currently, there are no reports on the attention network function of CD patients. Whether CD patients have comprehensive attention deficits or specific attention network deficits are currently unclear. To clarify the characteristics of the impaired attention network function of patients with CD, this study was carried out as detailed below.

Materials and methods

Twenty-nine patients with CD were recruited from the Institute of Neurology, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China. The CD subtype distribution according to the Col-Cap concept (Jost and Tatu, 2015) was as follows: 18 patients with torticollis type, 4 patients with laterocollis type, 2 patients with retrocaput type, 2 patients with antecaput type, 2 patients with laterocaput type, and 1 patient with retrocollis type. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) idiopathic and focal CD (Albanese et al., 2013); (2) not receiving relevant drugs, surgical treatment, or botulinum toxin treatment for the first time or in the past 3 months; (3) right-handed; and (4) no organic changes found on MRI scan. The exclusion criteria included the following: (1) secondary torticollis caused by trauma, drugs, intracranial lesions, or neurodegenerative diseases; (2) patients with intellectual disability or hearing, visual or language impairment; (3) patients with mental disorders; (4) patients taking central anticholinergic drugs, antipsychotics, or other drugs that can affect attention; (5) patients with apparent tremor of the head and abnormal posture of the neck that cannot be corrected by external forces; and (6) those who could not complete the experiment.

Twenty-six individuals matched for sex, age, and education level of CD patients were selected from the community to form a healthy control (HC) group. All the members of the HC group were right-handed, without visual acuity, hearing, speaking, writing, or understanding impairment. There were no central nervous system diseases, no systemic chronic diseases that may lead to mental symptoms or cognitive dysfunction, and no drugs that may affect attention.

This study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The research protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the Affiliated Hospital of Institute of Neurology of Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. All participants provided written informed consent.

Demographic data

The clinical information for all subjects was recorded in the form of questionnaires, including sex, age, education level, current medical history, past medical history, family history, medication history, and sensory tricks. In addition, the CD group underwent assessment using the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS; Espay et al., 2018) to evaluate the severity of symptoms.

Neuropsychological background tests

All subjects underwent the same neuropsychological scale assessment, and the results were further compared between the two groups. The neuropsychological tests applied were as follows: (1) the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Beijing Version (MoCA-BJ) was used to evaluate intelligence (Tian et al., 2020); (2) the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA; Gjerris et al., 1983) was used to measure anxiety states; and (3) the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD; Miller et al., 1985) was used to assess depressive states.

Attention network test

The ANT program (Fan et al., 2002) was programmed using E-Prime software and runs on a14.1-inch laptop. Each test procedure includes five steps (see Figure 1). First, the fixation point “+” (400–1,600 ms, D1) is presented in the center of the screen; second, the cue condition is presented (100 ms); third, the fixation point “+” in the center is presented (400 ms); and fourth, the target stimulus is presented (400 ms). The target stimulation appears in the spatial position above or below the fixation point “+.” The patient needs to respond to the direction of the target stimulation arrow as soon as possible. When the patient presses the key, the target stimulation disappears immediately, and this period of time does not exceed 2,700 ms. Fifth, the gaze point appears in the center of the screen. The total time of each test procedure was 5,000 ms. There were four types of cue conditions for the second step of the test: (1) no cue, “*” appeared; (2) a central cue, in the position where “*” appeared coincided with “+”; (3) a double cue, “*” appeared above and below “+” at the same time; and (4) a spatial cue, “*,” was displayed above or below “+,” which was the same as the target stimulus position that subsequently appeared. The spatial cue belongs to the effective space suggestion, while the center cue and the double cue belong to the invalid space suggestion, as shown in Figure 2. There are three types of target stimuli for the third step of the test: (1) neutral: a leftward or rightward pointing arrowhead flanked on either side by lines without arrowheads; (2) congruent flankers: the direction of the 5 arrows is the same; and (3) incongruent flankers: the directions of the two arrows on the left and right are not consistent with the direction of the middle arrow (see Figure 3 for details). Participants were required to determine the direction of the central arrow and press either the left key or right key accordingly. The computer automatically recorded the participant’s reaction time (RT) and accuracy. Before the test, the established instructions were used to familiarize the participants with the requirements of the test. At the beginning of the test, 24 pretests were conducted to familiarize the participants with the test operation in advance. The formal test was conducted 312 times, and the participants were divided into three groups. After the test for each group was completed, the subjects could rest for 5 min in the middle, and the total time was approximately 30 min. During the examination, the participants were required to keep their heads neutral and face the computer screen at a distance of approximately 40 cm. Patients with CD could support their head and face with their palms or lean their heads against a wall, keeping their heads as neutral as possible.


Figure 1. Experimental paradigm.

Figure 2. Cue conditions.

Figure 3. Target conditions.

Calculation of attention network efficiencies

The efficiency of the alerting, orienting, and executive control networks can be calculated by the principle of subtraction of RTs under different conditions (Fan et al., 2002). The calculation equation is as follows: alerting network efficiency was measured as RTs with no cue conditions minus RTs with double cue conditions, where a larger value indicates a higher efficiency of the alerting network; orienting network efficiency was calculated as RTs with a center cue minus RTs with a spatial cue, where a larger value indicates a directional network with higher efficiency; and executive control network efficiency was equal to RTs of the incongruent flankers minus RTs in the conditions with the congruent flankers, where a smaller value indicates a higher efficiency of the executive function network.

Statistical analysis

SPSS 26.0 software was used for data analysis. All continuous measurements are presented as the mean ± SD. Two independent-sample t-tests were used to compare two groups of measurement data conforming to a normal distribution; the Mann–Whitney U test was performed on continuous variables with a nonnormal distribution; and the χ2 test was used to compare count data. A 2 (group: CD, HC) × 4 (cue type: no cue, double cue, central cue, and spatial cue) × 3 (target type: congruent, incongruent, and neutral) mixed factor ANOVA on RT was carried out. Spearman correlations were used to determine the relationship between the patients’ performance on the ANT and their clinical or neuropsychological ability. For the two-tailed test, the significance level was set to p < 0.05.

Demographic and clinical data

There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to demographic data, including sex, age, and education. The neuropsychological data of MoCA-BJ, HAMA, and HAMD scores were also not significantly different between the two groups, as shown in Table 1.


Table 1. Demographic data and neuropsychological background data of the CD and HC groups.

The efficiencies of the three networks

Table 2 shows the mean RTs under each condition of the two groups. The main effect of group was not significant [F(1, 53) = 0.122, p = 0.728]. The main effects of cue type and target type were significant [F(3, 159) = 22.369, F(2, 106) = 300.128, respectively; p < 0.01]. There were significant interactions between cue type and target type [F(6, 318) = 2.518, p = 0.021]. No significant interactions were found between group and target type [F(2, 106) = 0.079, p = 0.924] or group and cue type [F(3, 159) = 0.542, p = 0.654]. The three-way interaction between group, cue type, and target type was also not significant [F(6, 318) = 0.586, p = 0.742]. Table 3 and Figure 4 show the mean score and the standard error (SE) for each of the attention networks, the total mean RT, and the global accuracy. The efficiency of the alerting network in the CD group was significantly lower than that in the HC group (t = −3.40, p = 0.01); the efficiency of the orienting network in the CD group was slightly higher than that of the HC group, but the difference was not statistically significant (t = 0.26, p = 0.79); the efficiency of the executive control network in the CD group was slightly lower than that of the HC group, but the difference was not statistically significant (t = −0.55, p = 0.58). The total mean RT and the accuracy rates were similar in the two groups (t = −0.26, p = 0.79; Z = −1.67, p = 0.09).


Table 2. Mean RTs under each condition in patients with CD and HCs.

Table 3. Attention network scores (in RT) and accuracy (%) of CD patients and HCs.


Figure 4. Mean RTs of the alerting, orienting, and executive network. Error bars represent mean standard errors.

The Spearman correlation test revealed that the efficiency of the alerting network in the two groups was negatively correlated with age (rs = −0.561, p = 0.002; rs = −0.622, p = 0.001) and positively correlated with education level (rs = 0.384, p = 0.040; rs = 0.478, p = 0.014) and MoCA-BJ scores (rs = 0.499, p = 0.006; rs = 0.395, p = 0.046) but had no significant interaction with HAMA and HAMD scores. There was no significant interaction between the scores of the orienting network and executive control network and age, education level, MoCA-BJ, HAMA, or HAMD scores in the two groups. The efficiency of the alerting network in the CD group was significantly negatively correlated with the TWSTRS torticollis severity scale score and disability scale score (rs = −0.824, p < 0.001 and rs = −0.75, p < 0.001, respectively) and was moderately negatively correlated with the TWSTRS pain scale score (rs = −0.428, p = 0.021). The CD group orienting network efficiency was moderately negatively correlated with the TWSTRS torticollis severity scale score and disability scale score (rs = −0.569, p = 0.001 and rs = −0.81, p = 0.001, respectively) and had no significant interaction with the TWSTRS pain scale score (rs = −0.169, p = 0.380). The executive control network efficiency in the CD group was weakly negatively correlated with the TWSTRS torticollis severity scale score (rs = −0.388, p = 0.037) and had no significant interaction with the TWSTRS disability scale score or the pain scale score (rs = −0.324, p = 0.87 and rs = −0.188, p = 0.328, respectively). In addition, the total mean RT of CD patients was not correlated with the scores on any subscale of the TWSTRS. Accuracy in CD patients was negatively correlated with TWSTRS torticollis severity and disability (rs = −0.417, p = 0.025; rs = −0.376, p = 0.044) but not with pain scale scores.


In this study, we applied the ANT to CD patients to investigate attentional networks. A lower alerting effect was observed, whereas no differences in the orienting or executive control networks were shown in CD patients compared with HCs. In addition, there was no difference in the total mean RT or accuracy between the two groups. The alerting network function in both groups was negatively correlated with age and positively correlated with educational attainment and MOCA-BJ. We also found that the three attentional network functions were negatively correlated with the severity of CD, with the strongest correlations in alerting network function.

The inefficiency of the alerting network was observed in CD patients, which indicates that the difference in RT between the two types of test conditions without a warning cue and with a double cue is small and that CD patients do not benefit from time warnings as HCs do. In the tests with no cue congruence, the CD patients had a shorter mean RT than the HCs (718.14 ms vs. 734.04 ms); however, in the tests with double cue congruence, the CD patients had a longer mean RT than the HCs (696.59 ms vs. 692.85 ms), indicating that CD patients lack the ability to use additional useful information from warning cues to improve their speed of response. This finding forecasts that the use of a warning cue to speed up the RT of CD patients may fail.

Alerting refers to maintaining the body in a responsive state to receive information. Previous studies of brain regions involved in alertness control through neuroimaging have shown that the thalamus and frontal and parietal regions, especially in the right hemisphere, are activated (Fan et al., 2002, 2005). Several studies have shown that CD patients have abnormalities in brain regions such as the thalamus, prefrontal lobe, and right medial superior frontal gyrus (Li et al., 2017; Groth et al., 2020; Wei et al., 2021). This finding is consistent with the results of the present study. A series of animal and clinical studies have confirmed that alertness is closely related to the norepinephrine transmitter in the brain (Aston-Jones et al., 1994; Witte and Marrocco, 1997; Coull et al., 2001; Beane and Marrocco, 2004). However, no studies have reported on the levels of norepinephrine in the brains of CD patients. From the results of our study, it is speculated that CD patients may have a reduced level of norepinephrine in the brain; however, further research is needed to confirm this hypothesis.

The function of orienting networks is to selectively process incoming information. Our results indicate that there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in orienting network efficiency. This result indicated that CD patients had the same sensitivity to spatial cues as normal controls, and their orienting network function was intact. This finding is not specific to CD patients. Previous studies have revealed that patients with Wilson disease and essential tremor also have intact orienting network function (Han et al., 2014; Pauletti et al., 2015). Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that the cholinergic system emerging in the basal forebrain plays a key role in the orienting network (Petersen and Posner, 2012). A recent study demonstrated functional cholinergic deficits in CD patients with pedunculopontine nucleus choline acetyltransferase deficiency (Mente et al., 2018). However, they also found no difference in the numbers of putaminal cholinergic neurons in CD patients compared with controls. The results of the present study do not support the existence of cholinergic system abnormalities in CD patients, and further research is needed to confirm this hypothesis.

The function of the executive control network is to make plans and monitor and resolve conflicts. This study showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the efficiency of the executive control network between the two groups. This result is consistent with the findings of Burke et al., who reported that CD patients had no observed deficits in multimodal measures of executive function (Burke et al., 2020).

There was no significant global delay in total mean RT in CD patients. Total mean RT did not appear to be related to disease severity, implying that impaired presentation may be the primary manifestation of disease rather than symptoms secondary to torticollis. These data are consistent with those published by Willimas et al., who reported no reduction in response time to luminophore stimulation in CD patients (Williams et al., 2020). This study revealed that the level of accuracy in CD patients was affected by the severity of torticollis and disability. However, the CD patients showed a similar level of accuracy as HCs, which may be related to the lower TWSTRS scores of the patients entering our study.

Through correlation analysis, we showed that the alerting, orienting, and executive control network functions of CD patients were all affected by the severity of torticollis. The greater the severity of CD, the worse the scores on the three attentional network functions. However, the alerting network efficiency of CD patients was significantly lower than that of HCs, but the orienting and executive control network efficiency were similar between the two groups. These results suggest that the impaired alerting network in CD patients cannot be explain solely by factors such as abnormal neck posture, which may be involved in the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease. Undeniably, the effect of torticollis on the patient’s attention function is objective. Further research is needed to explore whether attention deficits are reversed when patients return to normal after receiving botulinum toxin A injections. We also found that the alerting network function of both groups was negatively correlated with age and positively correlated with years of education and intelligence level. Our results are in accordance with previous research conclusions (Gamboz et al., 2010; Cromarty et al., 2018). In addition, a study has shown that chronic pain can lead to impaired attention function (Yoshino et al., 2021), which was confirmed in our study. We found that TWSTRS pain scale scores in CD patients were inversely correlated with alerting network function but not with orienting and executive control network function. Therefore, chronic pain may be one of the factors that contributes to impaired alerting network function in CD patients, despite the low pain scores of the enrolled patients. Studies have revealed that anxiety and depression can lead to impaired attention function (Pacheco-Unguetti et al., 2011; Schock et al., 2011), which is inconsistent with our findings. Our results suggest that the attentional network function of CD patients has no correlation with HAMA and HAMD scores, which may be due to the low HAMA and HAMD scores of the enrolled patients.

This study revealed that CD patients have defects in the attention network, especially the low efficiency of the alerting network, which is an interesting discovery. This discovery has important value for the follow-up research and treatment of CD patients. Research has shown that attention function training can improve the efficiency of attention networks, as well as language and motor function. Liu et al. (2019) used fingertip-based adaptive force control tasks to train attention function and found that the efficiency of the executive control network during ANT was significantly improved after training. Zhang et al. (2019) found that gradual attention training seems to improve the language function of poststroke aphasia patients. Allcock et al. (2009) studied the effects of computer-programed attention tasks in Parkinson’s patients and found that attention function training can improve patients’ walking ability and reduce the frequency of falls. Therefore, attention function training may become a new direction for the treatment of patients with CD. In the future, we can further study the effect of attention function training on the movement and cognitive function of patients with CD.

In summary, the attention network was impaired in patients with CD, which was mainly specific to the alerting network but not the orienting or executive control network. In addition, the alerting, orienting, and executive control network functions of CD patients were all affected by the severity of torticollis, especially the alerting network function.

Due to the low incidence rate of CD, this study failed to include a sufficient sample size, resulting in an obviously uneven number of cases among different subtypes. We failed to compare the attention network function of patients with different subtypes of CD. In future studies, we will need to include enough cases to compare the differences in attention network function among patients with different CD subtypes. In addition, some of the CD patients enrolled in this study failed to undergo genetic testing.

Data availability statement

The raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservation.

Ethics statement

The studies involving human participants were reviewed and approved by Affiliated Hospital of Institute of Neurology of Anhui University of traditional Chinese medicine. The patients/participants provided their written informed consent to participate in this study.

Author contributions

KX and YH conceived and designed the experiments. KX, LZ, SS, and RR performed the experiments. KX, SS, and LH analyzed the data. KX and SH contributed to reagents, materials, and analysis tools and wrote the paper. All authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.

The authors thank all patients and volunteers who participated in the study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Publisher’s note

All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Aston-Jones, G., Rajkowski, J., Kubiak, P., and Alexinsky, T. (1994). Locus coeruleus neurons in monkey are selectively activated by attended cues in a vigilance task. J. Neurosci. 14, 4467–4480. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.14-07-04467.1994

Bastos, M. S. C., Nickel, R., Camargo, C. H. F., and Teive, H. A. G. (2021). Patients with cervical dystonia demonstrated decreased cognitive abilities and visual planning compared to controls. Mov. Disord. Clin. Pract. 8, 904–910. doi: 10.1002/mdc3.13259

Charles, P. D., Manack Adams, A., Davis, T., Bradley, K., Schwartz, M., Brin, M. F., et al. (2016). Neck pain and cervical dystonia: treatment outcomes from CD PROBE (cervical dystonia patient registry for observation of OnabotulinumtoxinA efficacy). Pain Pract. 16, 1073–1082. doi: 10.1111/papr.12408

Coull, J. T., Nobre, A. C., and Frith, C. D. (2001). The noradrenergic alpha2 agonist clonidine modulates behavioural and neuroanatomical correlates of human attentional orienting and alerting. Cereb. Cortex 11, 73–84. doi: 10.1093/cercor/11.1.73

Cromarty, R. A., Schumacher, J., Graziadio, S., Gallagher, P., Killen, A., Firbank, M. J., et al. (2018). Structural brain correlates of attention dysfunction in Lewy body dementias and Alzheimer’s disease. Front. Aging Neurosci. 10, 347. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2018.00347

Groth, C. L., Brown, M., Honce, J. M., Shelton, E., Sillau, S. H., and Berman, B. D. (2020). Cervical dystonia is associated With aberrant inhibitory signaling Within the thalamus. Front. Neurol. 11:575879. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2020.575879

Liu, M., Zhang, J., Jia, W., Chang, Q., Shan, S., Hu, Y., et al. (2019). Enhanced executive attention efficiency after adaptive force control training: Behavioural and physiological results. Behav. Brain Res. 376:111859. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.03.028

Monaghan, R., Cogley, C., Burke, T., Mccormack, D., O’Riordan, S., Ndukwe, I., et al. (2021). Non-motor features of cervical dystonia: cognition, social cognition, psychological distress and quality of life. Clin. Park. Relat. Disord. 4:100084. doi: 10.1016/j.prdoa.2020.100084

Pauletti, C., Mannarelli, D., De Lucia, M. C., Locuratolo, N., Currà, A., Missori, P., et al. (2015). Selective attentional deficit in essential tremor: evidence from the attention network test. Parkinsonism Relat. Disord. 21, 1306–1311. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2015.08.035

Map of Hilton Head Island: Pointing You In the Right Direction

Map of Hilton Head Island: Pointing You In the Right Direction

For any type of new tourist, having a map is definitely handy to find various brand-new areas as well as locate your method a strange location. There are numerous maps readily available to give you with the instructions and also info that you require if you on your method to Hilton Head Island.

A basic map of Hilton Head Island will certainly reveal you the various locations of the Island. You can likewise look for a map of Hilton Head Island that reveals the location beginning from I-95, which is the primary roadway going to Hilton Head Island, including the significant areas you will certainly pass by such as Eagle Point, Belfast Plantation, the Crescent, Sawmill Forest, Moss Creek Plantation as well as after that the bridge going across to Hilton Head Island.

For certain instructions, a thorough map of Hilton Head Island would certainly be much more helpful. Hilton Head Marriott Beach as well as Golf Resort has a map that will certainly reveal getting here visitors the road instructions and also sites from the 2 flight terminals offering the Island all the method to the area of the resort, which is at the audio end of the Island fronting the Atlantic Ocean.

On top of that, you can likewise obtain a topographic map of Hilton Head Island vineyards such as that of Palmetto Dunes, which reveals the 4 subsections of this community– a purely domestic area, the personal Leamington location, the Mariner’s area and also a playground where rental properties, resorts and also villa lie. It will certainly additionally include the features in the location such as its prominent fairway– the Arthur Hills Golf Course, the George Fazio Golf Course, as well as the Robert Trent Jones Golf Course– along with the detailed shallows system that runs throughout the area beginning with Broad Creek, that surrounds the marina, Shelter Cove Harbour.

Offered online is an interactive map of Hilton Head Island, which is an online map that permits you to check out the location in a selection of methods by zooming in or out of certain factors in the map either by making use of a zoom device or by clicking a location straight on the map.
You can likewise select to highlight particular sights to you such as golf links, resorts, dining establishments as well as various other services. Some have search area boxes where you can get in the name of a details Hilton Head location to obtain an in-depth sight of it. Others also offer you the specific address of facilities together with video or online scenic tours.

A basic map of Hilton Head Island will certainly reveal you the various locations of the Island. You can likewise look for a map of Hilton Head Island that reveals the location beginning from I-95, which is the major roadway going to Hilton Head Island, including the significant locations you will certainly pass by such as Eagle Point, Belfast Plantation, the Crescent, Sawmill Forest, Moss Creek Plantation as well as after that the bridge going across to Hilton Head Island.

Hilton Head Marriott Beach and also Golf Resort has a map that will certainly reveal getting here visitors the road instructions and also spots from the 2 flight terminals offering the Island all the method to the place of the resort, which is at the audio end of the Island fronting the Atlantic Ocean.

Is Demi Lovato shading ex Wilmer Valderrama in new song? Fans certainly think so – Party 96.3

Demi Lovato and That ’70s Show alum Wilmer Valderrama called it quits in 2016, but it appears the “Sorry Not Sorry” singer is not done talking about their ex.

To recap, Demi and Valderrama met in 2010 — when the Grammy winner was 17 and he was 29. They dated for about six years before breaking up for good in June 2016. The two have since maintained there’s no bad blood between them, but a new song from Demi has fans thinking otherwise.

In anticipation of their new album, Holy Fvck, due out August 19, Demi teased a forthcoming track called “29” on their Instagram Story. Fans immediately picked up on the lyrics, which seem to be unmistakably about their controversial relationship.

TikTok fan account @demi_artistry reposted the sound clip, which contains the lyrics, “Fibre on the vine/ Too young to drink wine/ Just 5 years of bleeders/ Student and a teacher/ Far from innocent/ What the f***’s consent?/ Numbers told you not to/ But that didn’t stop you!”

Demi continues to belt, “Finally 29/ Funny, just like you were at the time/ Thought it was a teenage dream, just a fantasy/ But was it yours? Or was it mine?/ Seventeen, 29!”

While the “Anyone” singer has yet to confirm the song is explicitly about Valderrama, fans say the lyrics are obvious. 

In addition, Lovatics have dug up an old Demi interview with Harper’s Bazaar from 2020 — shortly after the actor wed model Amanda Pacheco – where they said that, while they’re happy for Valderrama, “We’re not in each other’s lives, haven’t spoken in a long time.”

The singer also said, “When you get into a relationship with somebody at that young of an age and then you spend six years with somebody, you don’t really get to learn about yourself.”

Copyright © 2022, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.

IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 8775: Synthesis of Four Steroidal Carbamates with Antitumor Activity against Mouse Colon Carcinoma CT26WT Cells: In Vitro and In Silico Evidence

IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 8775: Synthesis of Four Steroidal Carbamates with Antitumor Activity against Mouse Colon Carcinoma CT26WT Cells: In Vitro and In Silico Evidence

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms23158775

Daylin Fernández Pacheco
Dayana Alonso
Leonardo González Ceballos
Armando Zaldo Castro
Sheila Brown Roldán
Mairelys García Díaz
Anabel Villa Testa
Sarah Fuentes Wagner
Janet Piloto-Ferrer
Yamilet Coll García
Andrés F. Olea
Luis Espinoza

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide. If detected on time, surgery can expand life expectations of patients up to five more years. However, if metastasis has grown deliberately, the use of chemotherapy can play a crucial role in CRC control. Moreover, the lack of selectivity of current anticancer drugs, plus mutations that occur in cancerous cells, demands the development of new chemotherapeutic agents. Several steroids have shown their potentiality as anticancer agents, while some other compounds, such as Taxol and its derivatives bearing a carbamate functionality, have reached the market. In this article, the synthesis, characterization, and antiproliferative activity of four steroidal carbamates on mouse colon carcinoma CT26WT cells are described. Carbamate synthesis occurred via direct reaction between diosgenin, its B-ring modified derivative, and testosterone with phenyl isocyanate under a Br&amp;oslash;nsted acid catalysis. All obtained compounds were characterized by 1H and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), High Resolution Mass Spectroscopy (HRMS); their melting points are also reported. Results obtained from antiproliferative activity assays indicated that carbamates compounds have inhibitory effects on the growth of this colon cancer cell line. A molecular docking study carried out on Human Prostaglandin E Receptor (EP4) showed a high affinity between carbamates and protein, thus providing a valuable theoretical explanation of the in vitro results.

Crispy Quinoa & Roasted Vegetable Kale Salad – Minimalist Baker

This salad is winter comfort in a bowl. Warm roasted root veggies, crispy quinoa, and a tangy balsamic dressing combine for a nourishing salad so tasty it’ll make you crave kale!

Bonus? It comes together in just 30 minutes when using pre-cooked grains. Let us show you how it’s done!

In the spirit of keeping things COZY, this quinoa and kale salad begins with roasting veggies to add warmth and sweetness. We love bell pepper, carrots, onions, and beets for a vibrant array of colors and nutrients, but feel free to swap in your favorite root veggies!

Next comes leftover cooked quinoa and sliced shiitake mushrooms seasoned with coconut aminos for sweetness and depth. Baking in the oven makes the quinoa crispy (YUM, it’s a quinoa game-changer!), and the mushrooms become slightly caramelized.

While those are in the oven, we massage the kale with balsamic vinegar, olive oil, tahini, salt, pepper, and garlic powder. It adds so much flavor, doubles as a dressing, and helps turn normally fibrous kale into a tender, easier-to-digest green!

All that’s left is adding the roasted veggies, quinoa, and mushrooms and garnishing with your choice of toppings. We love avocado for richness, toasted almonds (or other nuts/seeds) for crunch, and vegan parmesan cheese for saltiness.

We hope you LOVE this roasted vegetable & quinoa kale salad! It’s:

Subtly spicy
& SO delicious!

It’s a satisfying meal on its own, or for extra protein, you can add Quick & Easy Crispy Tofu, Lemon & Herb Roasted Chicken, or Crispy Skin Salmon.

If you try this recipe, let us know! Leave a comment, rate it, and don’t forget to tag a photo @minimalistbaker on Instagram. Cheers, friends!

Crispy Quinoa & Roasted Vegetable Kale Salad

A comforting winter salad with balsamic and tahini-massaged kale, crispy quinoa, Italian-spiced roasted veggies, and toasted almonds for crunch. Bursting with flavor, just 30 minutes required.
Author Minimalist Baker
Servings 2 (Entrée servings)




FOR TOPPING optional but so good

If you haven’t already prepared your quinoa (or grain of choice), do so now on the stovetop or in the Instant Pot. Let cool, then proceed to step 2. (Note: Time to cook grains is not included in total prep / cook time).
Preheat your oven to 375 degrees F (190 C) and line two small baking sheets with parchment paper.
To one baking sheet, add the chopped carrots, bell pepper, onion, and beet. Toss the vegetables with 2 Tbsp of oil (adjust if altering batch size), Italian herbs, red pepper flakes (optional), garlic powder, salt, and pepper.
To the second baking sheet, add the cooked, cooled quinoa and sliced shiitake mushrooms. Toss with 2 tsp of oil (adjust if altering batch size) and coconut aminos. Roast the veggies and quinoa for ~20 minutes or until the vegetables are tender and golden brown and the quinoa is crispy. Toss as needed to ensure even cooking.
To your serving bowl or a mixing bowl, add chopped kale, balsamic vinegar, olive oil, tahini, salt, black pepper, and garlic powder. Massage for 1-2 minutes to combine and slightly tenderize the kale. Set aside.
To serve, top the kale salad with the crispy quinoa and mushrooms, roasted vegetables, and desired additional toppings, such as avocado, hemp seeds, toasted almonds, and vegan parmesan cheese (all optional).
Enjoy right away or store leftovers in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours, or 2-3 days if leaving out the avocado.
*For more protein, add additional hemp seeds or quinoa, pan-fried salmon, roasted chicken, or crispy tofu.
*Nutrition information is a rough estimate calculated with the lesser amount of olive oil and without optional ingredients.

Nutrition (1 of 2 servings)

Serving: 1 serving Calories: 465 Carbohydrates: 54.3 g Protein: 12.3 g Fat: 23.9 g Saturated Fat: 3.3 g Polyunsaturated Fat: 6.5 g Monounsaturated Fat: 12.7 g Trans Fat: 0 g Cholesterol: 0 mg Sodium: 733 mg Potassium: 1160 mg Fiber: 12.5 g Sugar: 18.9 g Vitamin A: 2076 IU Vitamin C: 154 mg Calcium: 316 mg Iron: 6.6 mg

This content was originally published here.

A.X.E.: Eve of Judgment #1 Preview (Marvel Comics)

A.X.E.: Eve of Judgment #1 Preview (Marvel Comics) – FIRST SHOT FIRED – JUDGMENT IS COMING! The Eternals know that the mutants have conquered death. But what are they going to do about it? The oldest immortals on Earth eye up the newest, and the doomsday clock starts to tick toward Judgment Day. Regular Carlos Pacheco Cover (A.X.E. Judgment Day Prelude)

PFL 6: Kayla Harrison Continues Quest for Third Straight PFL Championship Live on ESPN, ESPN+ on Friday, July 1 – ESPN Press Room U.S.

PFL 6 begins at 6 p.m. ET on ESPN+ (English and Spanish) with continuing action on ESPN, ESPN Deportes, and on ESPN+ at 8 p.m. ET Coverage begins with the live Pre-Fight show at 5:30 p.m. ET on ESPN+.

Two-time PFL World Champion and two-time Olympic gold medalist Kayla Harrison returns to the SmartCage looking for a third PFL Playoff berth. The undefeated Harrison will square off with MMA veteran Kaitlin Young who replaces an injured Julia Budd. Young, a veteran of 25 professional fights, with eight knockout victories will look to strike with the woman many feel is the best all-around fighter in women’s MMA today. Harrison will look to take a step closer to her third PFL World Championship.

In his first contest of the season, Canadian MMA icon Rory MacDonald made quick work of Brett Cooper with a first-round submission. The “Red King”, who sits atop the Welterweight standings, will now face off with rangy striker Sadibou Sy of Sweden. Sy earned a hard-fought decision over Nikolai Aleksakhin earning three points in the process; but he will need another win if he hopes to head back to the postseason.

Ray Cooper III will look to do the impossible for a second straight year. After missing weight in his first fight of the 2022 PFL Regular Season, Cooper III will have to score an early stoppage to have a chance at a fourth Playoff berth. Standing in his way will be veteran Brett Cooper. After a defeat in his first season fight, Cooper has redemption on his mind heading into PFL 6 this Friday night.

Larissa Pacheco sets back into the PFL SmartCage looking for her fourth straight first round knockout and a return trip to the Playoffs. Pacheco squares of the tough Genah Fabian. Pacheco is looking to vault to the top of the standings and attemp to take home her first PFL World Championship and the $1 million prize.

Magomedkerimov was originally slated to face Joao Zeferino at PFL 6. Zeferino did not weigh in and has been replaced by Dilano Taylor who has 3 points in the Welterweight  standings. Nikolai Aleksakhin withdrew from his bout after weighing in and will not compete on the card. Carlos Leal receives an automatic 3 points in division standings.

Calling the live action will be play-by-play announcer and former world champion, Sean O’Connell. He’ll be joined by Hall-of-Famer and MMA legend Randy Couture and one of the most popular MMA personalities today, Kenny Florian.

ESPN and simulcast on ESPN+ (English and Spanish)

Kayla Harrison vs. Kaitlin Young

Rory MacDonald vs. Sadibou Sy

Ray Cooper III vs. Brett Cooper

Magomed Magomedkerimov vs. Dilano Taylor

Larissa Pacheco vs. Genah Fabian

Jarrah Al Silawi vs. Magomed Umalatov

Marina Mokhnatkina vs. Abigail Montes

Martina Jindrova vs. Zamzagul Fayzallanova

Olena Kolesnyk vs. Vanessa Melo

About Professional Fighters League

Professional Fighters League (PFL) is the fastest growing and most innovative sports league.  PFL is the #2 MMA company worldwide and the only with the sports-season format where individual fighters compete in Regular Season, Playoffs, and Championship.

PFL is primetime in the U.S on ESPN and ESPN+ and broadcast and streamed worldwide to 160 countries with over 25 media distribution partners including Channel 4, DirecTV, RMC Sport, Eurosport, Sky Sports.  The PFL roster is world-class, with 25% of PFL fighters independently ranked in the top 25 in the world. The PFL proprietary SmartCage data and analytics platform powers real-time betting and provides next-gen viewing experience.

PFL has over two-dozen blue-chip brand sponsors such as Anheuser-Busch, IBM, GEICO, DraftKings, Bose,, Air Force Reserve, and US Marine Corps.  PFL has raised $200 million of capital to date from major investors, including Ares, Luxor Capital, Waverley Capital, Elysian Park Ventures, Swan Ventures, Knighthead, Legends, and several NBA, MLB, and NHL team owners.

MMA is the growth sport of this decade, with 600 million fans worldwide, the youngest audience demo of any sport, and true global revenue streams.; Instagram (@PFLmma); Twitter (@PFLMMA); Facebook (/PFLmma)


DAILY DIGEST, 5/23: What the Colorado River deal means for California; Pacheco Dam project dealt another setback; Big melt may be less dramatic – and damaging – than initially thought; Dan Walters: California taxpayers on the hook to save two unhealthy western rivers; and more … – MAVEN’S NOTEBOOK | Water news

On the calendar today …

Deal on the Colorado River …

Colorado River deal: What does it mean for California?

“After nearly a year of intense negotiations, California, Nevada and Arizona reached a historic agreement today to use less water from the overdrafted Colorado River over the next three years.   The states agreed to give up 3 million acre-feet of river water through 2026 — about 13% of the amount it receives. In exchange, farmers and other water users will receive compensation from the federal government.  The Biden administration has been pushing the states since last spring to reach an agreement to cut back on Colorado River water deliveries. The three-state deal is a historic step — but it is not final: The U.S. Interior Department must review the proposal. And everything will have to be renegotiated before the end of 2026.  In California, the agreement would mostly affect the water supplies of farmers in the Imperial Valley. Coming up with a plan to fairly cut water use has created tensions between farms and cities and between states, especially California and Arizona. … ”  Read more from Cal Matters.

Colorado River states strike deal to save water, hydropower

“Colorado River states announced a deal Monday that would reduce water deliveries to California, Arizona and Nevada to ensure enough water remains in major reservoirs to preserve hydropower generation in the drought-plagued river.  State officials from the three Lower Basin states announced their agreement Monday in a letter to Bureau of Reclamation Commissioner Camille Calimlim Touton, following nearly a year of contentious negotiations about how to share the pain of reductions in water use. The Biden administration touted the “historic” proposal, which would require the federal government to give $1.2 billion to the three states and other users taking cuts.  The cuts would be shared by both farmers and municipalities, which tap the river for drinking water. Although the deal would represent significant reductions in water use, an unexpectedly wet winter staved off the need for more aggressive reductions in the Lower Basin. Record snowpacks and subsequent spring runoff have boosted water levels in the river basin and its reservoirs. … ”  Read more from E&E News.

States dependent on Colorado River required to conserve unprecedented amount of water in deal

“The Biden administration has reached a landmark deal with states dependent on the Colorado River to conserve water amid the decadeslong drought.  The three Colorado River lower basin states — California, Nevada and Arizona — will be required to conserve an unprecedented 3 million-acre-feet of water through 2026, the U.S. Department of the Interior announced in a press release Monday.  The deal is voluntary among the three states and will prevent the need for federal intervention to mandate cuts.  The Interior Department is temporarily withdrawing the draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) proposal published last month in light of the states’ voluntary conservation proposal. … ”  Read more from ABC News.

California emerges as big winner in Colorado River water deal

“Monday’s historic Colorado River agreement represents a big win for California, which only months ago was embroiled in a bitter feud with Arizona, Nevada and four other Western states over how to dramatically reduce their use of water supplies in the shrinking riverThe proposition, which came after months of tense negotiations, would see the three states in the Colorado’s lower basin conserve about 3 million acre-feet of water from the river by 2026 — a 14% reduction across the Southwest that amounts to only about half of what could have been imposed by the federal government had the states not come to an accord.  “It’s a win for California, but it’s a win for the entire basin that, once again, after a year of acrimony, we are at least now on the same page going forward,” said Bill Hasencamp, manager of Colorado River resources for the Metropolitan Water District. … ”  Read more from the LA Times.

Editorial: Colorado River water deal gives California another reprieve. For now

The LA Times editorial board writes, “The Colorado River deal announced Monday is more of a temporary reprieve than a solution to plummeting water supplies. The deep water cuts for California, Arizona and Nevada will tide over thirsty residents and farmers only until the end of 2026.  The real reckoning comes when operating agreements expire for Lake Mead, which feeds the Colorado’s water to Southern California and the two other lower-basin states, and Lake Powell, which regulates the flow into Lake Mead while serving Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico.  The agreement among the seven states gives California, especially, some additional time (although very little) to prepare for a drier future, including a much steeper permanent reduction in its allotment of Colorado River water. Many of the projects that will be needed to replace diminished river supplies are well into the planning, approval and financing stages, including recycling projects that allow all that precious water to be used multiple times. We’ll need even more locally generated supplies and water-saving measures to meet the needs of a state with an increasingly arid climate. … ”  Continue reading at the LA Times.

Commentary: The Colorado River is still in peril

Mark Gongloff, Bloomberg Opinion editor, writes, “Nature gifted Colorado River states a little extra time to preserve that waterway’s dwindling resources, by dousing the region with record rain and snow this winter. Unfortunately, the states might once again be failing to use nature’s gifts wisely.  The Biden administration on Monday announced a deal that calls for Arizona, California and Nevada to cut their water usage by 3 million acre-feet over three years, or 13% of their allowance. (An acre-foot is how much water it takes to flood an acre with a foot of water, which should be enough to serve two typical households per year.) The deal means the federal government won’t have to impose draconian cuts on the states, a cudgel it wielded last month, which would have meant significant pain for farmers and cities in either Arizona or California, depending on the approach taken. … ”  Read more from Bloomberg (gift article).

Metropolitan General Manager Adel Hagekhalil:

“The consensus alternative agreed to with our partners across the Lower Basin will produce exactly the short-term stability to the Colorado River system we need. Through federal funding from the Inflation Reduction Act and additional non-compensated contributions by the Lower Basin states, and thanks to this year’s wet winter, the near-term risks facing lakes Mead and Powell will be avoided. We are grateful Reclamation has agreed to analyze this consensus plan, and we are hopeful it will emerge as the preferred alternative.   This plan calls for all Colorado River water users to share in the effort to use less water. In Southern California, that means we will continue to need businesses and residents to be as efficient as possible with their water use. The recent wet winter across California and the Southwest certainly provided a much-needed lifeline, but it didn’t absolve us from the responsibility of addressing the changing climate and long-term drought that are permanently reducing the amount of water in the Colorado River. We must all do more to use less.

Click here to continue reading this statement.

“The consensus plan announced today is a major step in the right direction. But once the agreements are finalized, we must turn our attention to the much greater challenge ahead: developing long-term, post-2026 solutions to the imbalance on the river. Only by working together through collaboration and negotiation were we able to develop today’s short-term solutions that will immediately leave water in lakes Mead and Powell and avoid lengthy legal battles. We must continue that collaborative and cooperative approach as we begin the critical work ahead.”

Director Gloria Cordero, Colorado River Board of California board member representing Metropolitan Water District:

“We appreciate the teamwork and unity of our California partners and collaboration throughout the Colorado River Basin. Continued collaboration at all levels is key as we move forward to solve the challenges facing the Colorado River.”

Director Marty Miller, Chair of the Metropolitan Board’s Ad Hoc Committee on Colorado River:

“This consensus agreement on the Colorado River will lessen the risk of litigation which would only stall and inevitably hurt the river and our ability to undertake critical long-term planning.”

Imperial Irrigation District General Manager Henry Martinez:

“IID is pleased that the Lower Basin States have come to consensus with the development of a plan that is based on voluntary, achievable conservation volumes that will help protect critical Colorado River reservoir elevations, and in particular Lake Mead, which IID is reliant upon for 100% of the Imperial Valley’s water supplies,” said Henry Martinez, IID General Manager.  This proposed near-term action alternative is expected to outperform the alternatives proposed in the existing Draft Supplement Environmental Impact Statement. Martinez continued, “We look forward to Reclamation fully analyzing the Lower Basin Plan as the preferred alternative for near-term implementation, so that Basin wide discussions can pivot to post-2026 operational guidelines to address longer-term Colorado River system operations and the anticipated continued decline of the hydrology within the basin.”

Click here to continue reading this statement from the Imperial Irrigation District.

The Lower Basin Plan is consistent with California’s voluntary conservation proposal offered through the Colorado River Board of California in October 2022, and proposes 1.6 million acre-feet of conservation from California over the next four years. For its part, IID continues to anticipate increasing its temporary, voluntary, and compensated conservation volumes by 250,000 acre-feet per year for the Lower Basin proposal, contingent upon development of a federal funding agreement through Reclamation’s Lower Colorado River Basin System Conservation and Efficiency Program. This conservation proposal was facilitated by the recent $250 million federal Salton Sea funding commitment from Reclamation using funding from the Inflation Reduction Act.

“IID wishes to commend all parties involved in the development of the Lower Basin proposal, and offer its appreciation to Reclamation for its early commitment in support of the Salton Sea to help make these conservation commitments possible by ensuring the accelerated implementation of dust control and habitat projects to protect our community’s health and local environment,” said Martinez.

JB Hamby, Chairman of the Colorado River Board of California and IID Board Vice President, stated in a May 22, 2023 news release that, “California and our partners in Arizona and Nevada have developed a plan that results in better protection for the Colorado River system than other action alternatives identified in the current Draft SEIS released last month by Reclamation. The Lower Basin Plan will generate unprecedented volumes of conservation that will build elevation in Lake Mead, make strategic use of the improved hydrology, and build upon partnerships within and among states, urban water agencies, agricultural irrigation districts, and Basin Tribes who rely upon and share the Colorado River.”

In addition to IID, The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, the Palo Verde Irrigation District, the Coachella Valley Water District, the Fort Yuma Quechan tribe, and the Bard Water District are anticipated to assist in meeting California’s conservation volumes and utilize IRA funding. Arizona and Nevada water users have committed to conserve the balance of the 3 million acre-feet of voluntary conservation, in addition to their existing shortage reduction volumes and contributions under the 2007 Interim Guidelines and 2019 Drought Contingency Plan.

The Lower Basin Plan is endorsed by the governors of California, Arizona and Nevada.

Senators Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla

“We applaud the proposal agreed to by California, Arizona and Nevada and the federal government to conserve 3 million acre-feet of water over the next three years from the Colorado River.  Southern California’s communities and farmlands depend on the Colorado River. Unfortunately, climate change and a historic drought in the West have reduced the average annual flow of the river and dropped water levels in Lake Mead and Lake Powell to 25 percent of their capacity.  “The proposal by the lower basin states could help ensure that these reservoirs continue supplying water and hydropower through 2026, while the seven basin states and the Interior Department consider plans to protect Colorado River water supplies over the long-term.  This proposal shows the commitment that California has to saving the Colorado River system. Our state will continue to work with the upper and lower basin states to maintain this critical source of water.”

Charley Wilson, Executive Director of the Southern California Water Coalition

“After a tough couple of years, we’re having a deluge of promising news when it comes to California water. Southern California depends on striking the right equilibrium between vital water supplies from the Colorado River, the State Water Project and through local supplies such as recycled water, desalination, and groundwater and increased water use efficiency. This conservation plan, created through collaboration and not litigation, is critical to securing our water future.  At the end of the day, it’s all about balance. As a state and a region, we need to manage our water resources responsibly to ensure that we have enough water to meet our needs today and in the future. This consensus-based deal struck by the three governors and supported by all seven states is an essential step to help this critical resource and ensure that our communities have a reliable, safe water supply.”

Pacheco Dam Project suffers setback …

Huge Santa Clara County dam project dealt another setback

“In the latest stumble for plans to build a massive $2.8 billion dam in Southern Santa Clara County near Pacheco Pass, a judge has ruled that the Santa Clara Valley Water District violated state environmental laws over the dam’s preliminary geological work.  The ruling could lead to further delays on the proposal to construct the largest new dam in the Bay Area since Los Vaqueros Reservoir in Contra Costa County was built in 1998.  The district, based in San Jose, wants to build a 320-foot-high earthen dam on the North Fork of Pacheco Creek in the rugged canyons about 2 miles north of Highway 152 near the border of Henry W. Coe State Park.  The idea is to take water the district now stores nearby in the massive San Luis Reservoir and pipe it to a new Pacheco reservoir, filling it during wet years.  But the project has faced major hurdles and may never be built. … ”  Read more from the San Jose Mercury News (gift article).

Court rules Valley Water violated CEQA, mandates environmental review for new Pacheco Dam project

“The Santa Clara County Superior Court ruled on May 18th that the Santa Clara Valley Water District (Valley Water), the agency pushing for construction of the controversial new $2.9 billion Pacheco Dam project, violated the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) by relying on inapplicable exemptions to avoid proper environmental review.  “The court’s decision mandates that Valley Water now perform proper environmental review of the project’s impacts before proceeding further with the extensive field investigations,” according to a press release from the Stop Pacheco Dam Coalition.  The coalition filed the CEQA petition in June 2022, which was later amended to include the Amah Mutson Tribal Band and Sierra Club. The Stop Pacheco Dam Coalition works to protect the unique biological, cultural and other resources of the Diablo Range, and Santa Clara County ratepayers. … ”  Read more from the Daily Kos.

Court rules Valley Water violated CEQA, mandates environmental review for Pacheco Dam Project

“Santa Clara County Superior Court ruled on May 18th that the Santa Clara Valley Water District (Valley Water), the agency pushing for construction of the controversial new $2.9 billion Pacheco Dam project, violated the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) by relying on inapplicable exemptions to avoid proper environmental review. The court’s decision mandates that Valley Water now perform proper environmental review of the project’s impacts before proceeding further with the extensive field investigations.  The Stop Pacheco Dam Coalition filed the CEQA petition in June 2022, which was later amended to include the Amah Mutson Tribal Band and Sierra Club. The Stop Pacheco Dam Coalition works to protect the unique biological, cultural and other resources of the Diablo Range, and Santa Clara County ratepayers. The Coalition believes the massive new Pacheco Dam would put Santa Clara ratepayers at severe financial risk, because of its massive cost, uncertain schedule, and ultimately limited additional water supply, all without solving Silicon Valley’s priority water challenges. … ”  Read more from Business Wire.

Tulare Lake flooding …

California’s once-dead Tulare Lake is nearly as large as Lake Tahoe

“Tulare Lake, the historical lake that surprisingly reemerged in the San Joaquin Valley with this year’s wet weather, could grow to a peak of 182 square miles next week, nearly the size of Lake Tahoe.  Even so, the new state flood projections released on Monday don’t call for the worst-case scenarios that had anticipated the lake getting much bigger, inundating more fields of cotton, tomatoes and pistachios as well as the Kings County city of Corcoran.  The slow melting of snow from the nearby Sierra Nevada and efforts to capture the mountain runoff are the reason for a smaller-than-expected bump in lake size. The lake was about 160 square miles early this month.  “We have been very lucky as to how this has played out,” said Brian Ferguson, spokesman for the Governor’s Office of Emergency Services. “Our greatest fear was that a hot storm would come on top of this snowpack, and that has not happened.” … ”  Read more from the San Francisco Chronicle (gift article).

Big melt may be less dramatic – and damaging – than initially thought

“State flood responders are still planning for the worst, but newly released inundation models are predicting a less dramatic and damaging snow melt as California heads into the summer months.  On the Kern River, predictions are now showing releases from Isabella Dam can be maintained at 7,750 cubic feet per second, or less, throughout the rest of May and June, according to new figures released by the Department of Water Resources.  That’s down from a possible high of more than 9,200 cfs, which could have swamped homes in low lying areas east of Manor Street, as well as Highway 178 through the Kern River Canyon, according to Kern County first responders. Those areas and the highway are still being closely monitored.  For the old Tulare Lake bed, the new models could mean water elevations are likely to peak at 181 feet by May 31, according to Mehdi Mizani, deputy flood manager for DWR, who spoke during a briefing on Monday. … ”  Read more from SJV Water.

California battles a ‘ghost lake’ – and its own political divisions

“The water stretches all the way to the horizon, white clouds reflected on its surface, as shorebirds caw and fish jump. Looking at it now, it’s hard to believe that only two months ago, there was no lake here at all.  Until recently, this land was covered with pistachio trees – acres of them, along with cotton, tomatoes, and other crops. Now it’s all under water, with just a few half-submerged tractors and the roof of a shed hinting at what the fields around Corcoran looked like before 2023’s record rainfall.  “Everyone was praying for rain, and now everyone’s praying for it to stop,” says Corcoran Deputy Police Chief Gary Cramer. He briefly excuses himself to stop some people from driving past the “closed road” sign. “Every time I come out here,” he adds, “the water just gets higher.”  Since Tulare Lake appeared this spring, it has grown to 100 square miles – making it one of California’s top five largest lakes. And it’s about to get bigger. … ”  Read more from the Christian Science Monitor.

DWR uses Kern River intertie to redirect flood water from Tulare Lake

The California Department of Water Resources (DWR) is using a unique piece of State Water Project (SWP) infrastructure for the first time since 2006 to reduce the amount of flood waters going into Tulare Lake in the Central Valley. At the request of the Kern River Watermaster, the Kern River Intertie is now redirecting flood flows at a rate of 500 cubic feet per second (cfs) from the Kern River to the California Aqueduct to lower flood risk in Tulare Lake and for downstream communities in Tulare County. The Intertie is located west of Bakersfield near where Highway 119 crosses the Aqueduct. While there is no immediate flooding or public safety concerns, timely use of the Intertie is critical to help prevent additional floodwater from exacerbating flooding in Tulare Lake as river flows increase. … ”  Read more from DWR News.

Newsom’s infrastructure plan …

Enviros fume as Newsom looks to sidestep regulations for water projects

“Gov. Gavin Newsom is slowly becoming more emboldened to go toe-to-toe with some of his closest allies in pursuit of advancing critical infrastructure forward.  The battle centers on circumventing environmental rules frequently relied upon by activists to sue and block massive projects.  Driving the News: Governor Gavin Newsom has pledged to fast-track hundreds of billions of dollars’ worth of construction projects throughout the state, including a pair of large water endeavors that have been delayed for years. California officials have pursued the water projects in the drought-prone state. One would construct a giant tunnel to carry large amounts of water beneath the natural channels of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta to drier and more populous Southern California. The other would be a massive new reservoir near the tiny community of Sites in Northern California that could store more water during deluges for delivery to farmers. … ”  Read more from the San Joaquin Valley Sun

Newsom’s clean projects speed-up could impact Delta Tunnel project

“Gov. Gavin Newsom announced on May 19 a plan to build out California’s clean and green future faster, but some local leaders aren’t thrilled with what it could mean for the controversial Delta Tunnel project.  Newsom and the state Department of Water Resources have shown support for the $16 billion project to convey water from the Delta down to southern California, a concept tossed around since the 1980s. The current iteration downsizes the project from two tunnels to one.  The governor hopes to speed up construction, expedite court reviews, streamline permitting and California Environmental Quality Act processes and start a climate projects financing program — all to expedite clean infrastructure projects across the state. … ”  Read more from The Record.

Gov. Newsom to expedite water, clean energy projects delayed by his own politics

“California Governor Gavin Newsom announced last week that he now is seeking to fast track water, storage and clean energy projects delayed by environmental lawsuits and the byzantine  permitting process. This may be a great move however, Newsom has approved and implemented the policies impeding these important projects for decades.  So why flip now?  Apparently, the White House beckons Newsom as he tries to appear moderate – that much is patently obvious.  But the more pressing question is Why not remove the environmental impediments to building all water storage, water delivery, and housing projects if it is so important in these cherry-picked projects? … ”  Read more from the California Globe.

Commentary: Newsom’s vow to ram tunnel project thru bigger threat to Delta than climate change

Dennis Wyatt, editor of the Manteca Bulletin, writes, “Either the science is wrong or Gov. Gavin Newsom has no idea of what he is doing.  On Friday, to much fanfare, Newsom, vowed to fast track water and green projects.  That means cutting off the boa constrictor like tentacles of the California Environmental Quality Act enacted into law in 1970. It has since morphed beyond its original intent thanks to the ever expanding blob known as the state bureaucracy, court decisions, and subsequent sessions of the California Legislature.  Newsom, like any politician worth their salt, isn’t allowing a good disaster go to waste.  Citing drought-related issues and climate change, Newsom wants to gut the bloated approval process CEQA has created.  This includes a dubious $20 billion or more endeavor known as the Delta Tunnel. … ”  Read more from the Manteca Bulletin.

In other California water news today …

California advances bill banning hedge fund water profiteering

“California lawmakers advanced a bill that would prohibit hedge funds and other institutional investors from buying and selling agricultural water resources for financial gain.  Under the measure, which passed the State Assembly by a 46 to 17 vote on Monday afternoon, speculation or profiteering by investment funds in the sale, transfer or lease of water rights on agricultural land would be considered a waste or unreasonable use of water.  In a legislative analysis, the bill’s sponsor, California Assembly member Rebecca Bauer-Kahan, a Democrat, cited a recent Bloomberg Green investigation that showed how institutional investors have purchased agricultural land and used diminishing groundwater supplies to grow almonds and pistachios at a significant profit, drawing down aquifer levels as nearby household wells dried up. … ”  Continue reading at Bloomberg (gift article).

Safeguarding the future of California’s freshwater ecosystems

“Climate change is transforming California’s ecosystems, threatening vital habitat for many native species. There is an increasing likelihood that many species will be lost. That’s why Ted Sommer, former lead scientist for the California Department of Water Resources, and Jennifer Harder, a professor at the McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento, are joining forces this year as our 2023–24 PPIC CalTrout ecosystem fellows. We recently asked them to tell us more about what they’ll be working on, which they’ve dubbed the “Ecofutures” project, and what might appear in a series of policy briefs they will write. Q:  Tell us about the Ecofutures project—what is it, and why is it important? … ”  Continue reading at the PPIC.

Slurping-up salmon and steelhead: What mark-recovery studies reveal about avian predation

“Salmon and trout face numerous threats on their long and perilous journeys from their birth rivers and streams to the ocean. Predation, often by non-native fish, is a major source of mortality in out-migrating salmonids. Another obstacle these young fish face that is not discussed as frequently is predation from the sky. Birds, especially waterbirds that nest in a colony, are skilled hunters when it comes to pecking away at vulnerable juvenile fish populations. What makes salmonids so susceptible to being eaten by these bird species, and what can fisheries scientists learn from these interactions? The authors of a literature review published in the North American Journal of Fisheries Management addressed these questions by digging through more than 20 years of published studies to see what factors influence avian predation on juvenile salmonids. They found that the susceptibility of salmon to becoming bird food is influenced by many factors, including the bird species, the salmon species, and the environment. By taking a broad look across multiple bird and salmon species in different settings (marine versus freshwater), this synthesis found commonalities among predator-prey interactions, as well as important differences that determine whether juvenile salmon will get consumed by birds. … ”  Read more from FishBio.

BLM reminds the public to recreate responsibly on rivers, recreation sites

“The Bureau of Land Management would like to remind the public to recreate responsibly as summer approaches and visitors start recreating on California rivers, in day-use areas, and when fishing, boating, swimming or performing other forms of water recreation. According to, water-related accidents are among the most common cause of death in some of our nation’s most visited parks, forests and waterways.  “Visitor safety is always BLM’s priority,” said BLM California State Director Karen Mouritsen. “We welcome all visitors to recreate responsibly on your public lands.” … ”  Read more from the Bureau of Land Management.

Purple sea urchins are devouring California’s kelp forests, but scientists are working to put the ecosystem in balance.

“From the rocky bluffs of Mendocino Headlands State Park, California’s North Coast appears almost postcard perfect: A salty breeze tempers the blazing sun, the sapphire sea crashes and swirls against the shoreline, and a golden retriever gallops toward the surf.  But beneath the waves, something is wrong.  Kelp forests as lush and impressive as the towering redwoods that grow farther inland once dominated these nearshore waters. A type of seaweed, kelp attaches to rocky surfaces on the ocean floor and, like trees and terrestrial plants, grows upward toward the sunlight. In fact, some experts call it “the sequoia of the sea.” It’s an appropriate nickname: Stems of bull kelp (the dominant species north of Santa Cruz County) can soar more than 100 feet high, and its canopies—the frond-like blades that tangle on the ocean surface—are visible from space. … ”  Read more from The Nature Conservancy.

Huge prehistoric-looking creature spotted in California lake. Take a look — if you dare

“At first, Carlos Rubio couldn’t figure out what he saw beneath the water of Lake Ralphine in a California park.  “At first I thought it was a boulder moving in the water,” Rubio told KGO.  Video posted to Reddit by Rubio shows a large, rock-like object moving under the water in the Howarth Park lake in Santa Rosa.  “I realized it was a pretty big snapping turtle,” Rubio told KGO. He said the turtle appeared to be about the size of a spare tire. … ”  Read more from Yahoo News.

Lab-grown meat likely worse for environment than retail beef, UC Davis research suggests

“UC Davis researchers found that lab-grown meat is likely to leave a larger carbon footprint than retail beef, raising questions of the benefits of cultured meat production. Bucking popular belief that lab-produced meat could be “more environmentally friendly than beef” because it’s thought to use less land, water and greenhouse gases, the preprint, not-yet-peer-reviewed study found “the global warming potential of lab-based meat is four to 25 times greater than the average for retail beef,” a Monday news release stated.  To put it simply, cultured meat is lab-produced meat using animal cells. Food developers can use cells from livestock, poultry seafood or any other animal in the food production process, according to the FDA. … ”  Read more from the Sacramento Bee.

California fire season predicted to be shorter and less intense

“After years of massive, destructive wildfires, California and much of the American West may see a shorter and more manageable wildfire season thanks to an extraordinarily wet winter.  According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the state has only just begun to see a historic snowpack melt into streams and rivers, and the flows could be high for many weeks. The agency’s Southern California coordination center reported in a briefing Monday that most of California has seen below normal temperatures since Oct. 1. These conditions have helped about 68% of the state exit drought conditions within three months — a feat that would have required two or three wet years otherwise. … ”  Read more from the Courthouse News Service.

How a drought affects trees depends on what’s been holding them back

“Droughts can be good for trees. Certain trees, that is.  Contrary to expectation, sometimes a record-breaking drought can increase tree growth. Why and where this happens is the subject of a new paper in Global Change Biology.  A team of scientists led by Joan Dudney at UC Santa Barbara examined the drought response of endangered whitebark pine over the past century. They found that in cold, harsh environments — often at high altitudes and latitudes — drought can actually benefit the trees by extending the growing season. This research provides insights into where the threats from extreme drought will be greatest, and how different species and ecosystems will respond to climate change. … ”  Read more from UC Santa Barbara.

More than two dozen cities and states are suing Big Oil over climate change – they just got a boost from the US Supreme Court

“Honolulu has lost more than 5 miles of its famous beaches to sea level rise and storm surges. Sunny-day flooding during high tides makes many city roads impassable, and water mains for the public drinking water system are corroding from saltwater because of sea level rise.  The damage has left the city and county spending millions of dollars on repairs and infrastructure to try to adapt to the rising risks.  Future costs will almost certainly be higher. More than US$19 billion in property value, at today’s dollars, is at risk by 2100 from projected sea level rise, driven by greenhouse gas emissions largely from the burning of fossil fuels. Elsewhere in Honolulu County, which covers all of Oahu, many coastal communities will be cut off or uninhabitable. … ”  Read more from The Conversation.

Dan Walters: California taxpayers on the hook to save two unhealthy western rivers

“The Klamath River begins in Oregon, draining the eastern slope of the Cascade Mountains, and slices through the northwestern corner of California before flowing into the Pacific Ocean.  The Colorado River begins in Colorado, draining the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains, before meandering southwesterly and emptying into Mexico’s Sea of Cortez – if there’s any water left after California and other states have tapped the river for irrigation and municipal supplies.  Although hundreds of miles apart, the two rivers share a common malady: So much of their waters were impounded or diverted that they became unhealthy.  The two rivers also share something else: Taxpayers, rather than those who manipulated the rivers for profit, are footing the bill for restoring their flows. … ”  Read more from Cal Matters.

State-level cybersecurity preparedness needed to protect critical CA infrastructure

State Senator Melissa Hurtado writes, “During testimony to the California State Senate, cyber-security expert Dr. Tony Coulson outlined the concerns that California must contend with in order to protect its critical infrastructure sectors.  “California needs the ability to coordinate effectively for cyber-attack responses. A cyber-attack is not just a possibility, but a probability, stated Dr. Coulson, outlining why the state needs to enhance it cyber-attack preparedness.  After input from security experts, I am carrying Senate bill SB 265, which directs the California Office of Emergency Services (Cal-OES) and the California Cybersecurity Integration Center (Cal-CSIC) to prepare a multi-year outreach plan to assist critical infrastructure sectors specifically in efforts to improve cybersecurity. … ”  Continue reading at GV Wire.

Bad legislation

Don Wright with Water Wrights writes, “We hear about laws being passed that make no sense. According to ETags it is illegal in California for a woman to drive wearing a house coat. Idiot Laws states it’s illegal to play drums on the beach in Santa Monica or to let horse manure pile up higher than six feet in San Francisco. It’s also illegal to wax your car with used underwear in the City by the Bay or walk your lion without a leash. And we all know for some reason or other it’s against the law in California to hunt animals from a moving vehicle unless you’re going after whales.  If the legislation coming out of Sacramento were graded on the criteria of harmful, unintended consequences it would receive an “F” average – provided you believe harmful is bad for the citizens and not just the cost of doing government. … There are three bills making their way through the legislative process in Sacramento that would upend California’s economy, domestic food supply and the relation between those who govern and those who are governed by handing water rights over to the State Water Resources Control Board. Who are the authors and where do they come from? … ”  Read the full commentary at Water Wrights.

Yuba River – Plan for new fish facilities at Daguerre Point Dam

Tom Cannon writes, “On May 16, 2023, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, National Marine Fisheries Service, and Yuba Water Agency announced a plan to design and build a fish bypass at Daguerre Point Dam on the lower Yuba River.  At present, the dam has fish ladders on both ends of the dam that don’t work well. The plan’s conceptual design is for a bypass channel that would allow fish to circumvent the existing dam; the plan would retain the dam. The plan would reconfigure the diversion works at the dam’s south end and add effective fish screens to the agricultural diversion infrastructure at both ends of the dam. … The bypass concept is one of several designs that could reduce existing problems at Daguerre. In addition to passage improvement, the concept could accommodate fish collection and segregation, and may be a feasible location for a conservation hatchery.  Several key elements should be added to this bypass plan … ”  Read more at the California Fisheries blog.

Today’s featured article …

FEATURE: Voluntary Agreements Could Make the Delta a Better Place for Fish—Provided They’re Done Properly

By Robin Meadows

The State Water Resources Control Board, which both allocates surface water rights and protects water quality for people and wildlife, is proposing a new approach to setting flow standards in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta.

The Delta drains about 40 percent of California, including much of the Sierra Nevada, and supplies fresh water to two-thirds of the state’s population and millions of acres of farmland. This water hub is also home to hundreds of native species as well as a migratory corridor for salmon and birds.

Under the existing approach, the State Water Board establishes the Delta inflow and outflow standards designed to protect fish and wildlife. Under the new approach—called voluntary agreements—these Delta flows would be determined collaboratively by government agencies as well as by the local water agencies that supply users. …

To learn more about the Delta ISB’s assessment of the scientific underpinnings of voluntary agreements in the Delta, Robin Meadows spoke with Lisa Wainger, a University of Maryland environmental economist who chairs the Delta ISB.


Bureau of Reclamation increases Klamath Project water allocations

“Increased water supplies will be provided by the Bureau of Reclamation for Klamath Project contractors, but Klamath Basin water users say they remain disappointed and that the increases are lower than needed.  In making the announcement, BOR regional director Ernest Conant said that based on improved spring hydrology and updated forecasts, water supply allocations from Upper Klamath Lake increased from 215,000 acre-feet to 260,000 acre-feet. Allocations from the Gerber and Clear Lake reservoirs remains at 35,000 acre-feet from each reservoir. The updated 2023 allocations are based on analysis of existing hydrologic conditions and inflow forecasts from the California Nevada River Forecast Center and the Natural Resources Conservation Service. … ”  Read more from the Herald & News.

Ambodat facility produces another generation of endangered c’waam and koptu

“C’waam (Lost River sucker) and koptu (shortnose sucker) are two species of fish unique to Upper Klamath Basin, and both were once a plentiful food source for the Klamath Tribes. However, in the last 50 years, the population of these fish has been decimated from degradation of their habitat, the rivers they spawn in, and the lakes where they live.  Ambodat is a Klamath Tribes’ facility involved in fish rearing of endangered c’waam and koptu, a water quality lab, a staff that conducts environmental monitoring for water quality and hydrology, and habitat restoration. The facility is located a couple of miles from downtown Chiloquin across from the Sprague River. Alex Gonyaw is Ambodat’s senior fish biologist overseeing the c’waam and koptu propagation project, and assisted by a supporting staff that includes Charlie Wright, James Esqueda, Brandi Travis, Eddie Mitchell, and Carlie Sharpes. They are a dedicated group with a mission to save the koptu and c’waam from extinction. … ”  Read more from Klamath Falls News.


Beach space shrinks as Lake Tahoe water levels rise

“After heavy snow this winter, water levels at Lake Tahoe are rising.  “The lake right now is up about four feet from last year,” said Allen Wooldridge, the Tahoe Region Manager for Nevada State Parks.  “That translates into about 20 to 30 feet at Sand Harbor of less beach space.”  Sand Harbor is one of the more popular beaches at Lake Tahoe and that means space this summer will be even more crowded. … ”  Read more from KOLO.

Tahoe Trout Farm receives historical designation, plaque

“In an “extraordinary session” on Thursday, South Lake Tahoe’s 77 year old trout farm was “well and truly dedicated” to be preserved by the Native Sons of the Golden West. More than 100 NSGW members joined community members and public figures such as South Lake Tahoe City Council member Tamara Wallace, South Tahoe Chamber of Commerce’s Duane Wallace, Lake Tahoe Historical Society’s Paula Peterson, several members of Daughters of American Revolution and, of course, the long time owners and operators of the trout farm, Jim and Jacky Vallier.  “With over 1,500 dedications to date, historical preservation of the state of California is taken very seriously,” said newly elected NSGW President George Adams. … ”  Read more from the Tahoe Daily Tribune.


Water releases from Folsom Lake to make American River more dangerous, officials say

“The American River is expected to be even more dangerous this week due to a larger amount of water being released from Folsom Lake.  Waterways have already been flowing faster than usual due to California’s record snowfall melting, sending more water down the state’s waterways, prompting warnings from Northern California officials.  With the releases increased to 15,000 cubic feet per second Monday and Tuesday, Sacramento Regional Parks is warning people to not enter the American River. … ”  Read more from Fox 40.


North Bay farmers still concerned about drought effects and heavy rains

“The El Nino effect produced by the warming of the north Pacific Ocean generated a heavy rain pattern in early 2023 not seen for several years in California. These storms delayed the planting season in some areas and contributed to rising food prices, while increasing costs for farmers still recovering from high feed prices incurred during the drought. …  Andrew Smith, Sonoma County Agriculture Commissioner, said while we have not received the benefit of such substantial rainfall in recent memory, heavy rain is a mixed blessing and can cause plants to mildew. The presence of fungus in soils requiring farmers to treat these conditions or risk crop losses. … “The good news is that heavy rains filled our rivers, lakes and reservoirs helping to recharge Sonoma County’s three groundwater basins,” Smith added. … ”  Read more from the North Bay Business Journal.

Napa growers see ag harvest jump 20 percent in value

“In spite of near crippling water shortages last year, the agricultural sector in Napa County had pretty much a bumper year. That’s according to the county’s annual crop report released this week.  “We did have a productive year, our total ag production value for 2022 was eight hundred ninety four million, two-hundred ninety five thousand, five-hundred,” said Tracy Cleveland, Napa County’s agricultural commissioner. That was an increase of 19.9 percent, that’s a good increase, for sure,” Cleveland added.  The bounty, however, wasn’t universal. Declines were recorded in a number of sectors, including cut flowers, nursery plants, livestock and poultry. At the same time, the value of fruits and vegetables grew.  Fires in years past, and another in a series of dry years played a role, Cleveland said. … ”  Read more from Northern California Public Media.


Oakland water district’s time capsule could end up buried beneath the sea

“A time capsule buried near the base of the Bay Bridge on Monday to celebrate the 100-year anniversary of the East Bay Municipal Utility District could be underwater at its own centennial, swamped by the ravaging effects of climate change.  Containing historic items — including a fossil recently found in one of the district’s watersheds, Monday’s edition of the East Bay Times and a letter from the board of directors — the five-foot-long iron pipe-shaped capsule is meant to embody the rich history of the water district, commonly known as EBMUD.  The chosen location, a maintenance facility in West Oakland that previously served as the utility’s headquarters, is symbolic of the challenges EBMUD faces in the coming century. Just 13 feet above sea level, climate models predict this part of Oakland could be underwater in another 100 years. … ”  Read more from the San Jose Mercury News.

Fremont’s vernal pools return with the wet winter

“As Spring makes way for Summer, the vestiges of an abundantly wet winter show in the shrinking pools of water — known as vernal pools — in the fields behind Fremont’s Auto Row. The pools are nature’s version of a pop-up, filling-up when the skies drop their rain — drying up when the rain is gone.  This year’s returning pools were encouraging for biologists after three years of drought, when the pools didn’t form at all, leaving the eggs of the pools’ seasonal critters languishing in the dry soil.  “Because there’s no pooling, no water, no precipitation,” said Aiding Kakouros, a biologist with U.S. Fish and Wildlife, “we didn’t have full pools.”  But Kakouros, who has studied these pools in the Warm Springs area of the Don Edwards Wildlife Refuge for years, this year’s winter of frequent atmospheric rivers and storms brought these seasonal wetlands roaring back. … ”  Read more from NBC Bay Area.


Monterey Peninsula water district loses second court battle

“Legal challenges to a Monterey Peninsula water district’s ratepayer fee that dates back a least a decade reached fruition Friday when a judge ruled against the district for a second time.  Monterey County Superior Court Judge Carrie Panetta ruled Friday on a motion by the Monterey Peninsula Water Management District for a new trial after Panetta earlier ruled against the district in a lawsuit brought by the Monterey Peninsula Taxpayers Association over a fee the district has been charging taxpayers.   If the district is stopped from collecting the fee, called a water supply fee, it could have a huge impact on district revenues at a time when the Monterey Peninsula Water Management District is partnering with Monterey One Water to invest in the Pure Water Monterey expansion project, which the district says could supply enough water to the Monterey Peninsula for the next few decades. … ”  Read more from the Monterey Herald.


$2 million claim in overtime dispute latest trouble for Central Valley water district

“Two former employees of a troubled west side water district are hoping to convince a Fresno County jury that their former employer cheated them out of nearly $2 million of unpaid overtime while managers engaged in alleged illegal activities and corruption. Imani Percoats and Chris Bettencourt had a future at the Panoche Water District, an agency that straddles 38,000 acres in Fresno and Merced counties. Hired in 2006 as canal men, they were responsible for making sure farmers, domestic users and industrial customers got their water deliveries. The work was hard and the hours long.  But when it came time to getting paid for the numerous overtime hours they logged, the water district’s managers, who would later come under fire by state officials for mismanagement, didn’t always add the extra hours to their paychecks. … ”  Read more from the Fresno Bee. | Read via Yahoo News.

San Joaquin River closed in Madera County as snowpack melts

“The San Joaquin River will be closed starting Monday in Madera County as fast-moving currents continue to raise concerns.  Madera County Sheriff Tyson Pogue announced the river will be closed from Millerton Lake and the Friant Dam to the Merced County Line.  Closures along the river in Merced and Fresno counties still remain in place. … ”  Read more from ABC 30.

Merced River in Yosemite reaches flood stage

“The Merced River in Yosemite Valley has reached flood stage, the National Weather Service said.   At Pohono Bridge, at the valley’s west end, the river was at 12.08 feet early Monday. Ten feet is considered “minor flood stage.” The forecast for this week does not predict the river will reach the “moderate flood stage” of 12½ feet, at which Northside and Southside drives would be closed to traffic.  At Happy Isles, at the valley’s east end, the river was at 8.4 feet, a few inches above the minor flood stage of 8. Moderate flood stage there is 10 feet. … ”  Read more from the San Jose Mercury News.


City of Santa Clarita expected to take over water factory

“Calling the move another “milestone” in moving forward for the Vista Canyon development, the city is expected to take control of a water-recycling plant at Tuesday’s City Council meeting.  The move calls for the city to spend about $3.5 million for a five-year contract with PERC Water Corp. for the company to continue operations for the plant, which is part of the “net zero” infrastructure of the 1,100-home project northeast of Highway 14 and Lost Canyon Road, according to its developer.
“The great benefit to the community I think is we’re transitioning it over to the city as expected in ownership, and it will provide … what’s considered a net-zero water project,” said Jim Backer, CEO of JSB Development, which built Vista Canyon, “which means the water factory’s going to produce more water on an annual basis than the entire project will use.” … ”  Read more from The Signal.

Plans move forward to tear down Rindge Dam in the Santa Monica Mountains

“A nearly century-old dam in the Santa Monica Mountains has moved a step closer to coming down — a change officials say would reconnect miles of Malibu Creek.  Getting rid of the dam would allow passage for endangered steelhead trout, replenish downstream beaches and help the watershed recover. But first, officials have to look at what would happen downstream.  Around 780,000 cubic yards of sediment trapped behind the 100-foot wall complicates things, said R.J. Van Sant, senior environmental scientist for the California State Parks’ Angeles District. … ”  Read more from the Ventura County Star.

In national water news today …

NOAA index tracks how greenhouse gas pollution amplified global warming in 2022

“Greenhouse gas pollution from human activity trapped 49 percent more heat in the atmosphere during 2022 than those same gases did in 1990, according to an annual NOAA report.  NOAA’s Annual Greenhouse Gas Index, known as the AGGI, tracks increases in the warming influence of heat-trapping gases generated by human activity, including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and 15 other gases. The AGGI converts the complex scientific computations of how much extra heat these gases capture, also known as radiative forcing, into a single number that can easily be compared to previous years.  “The AGGI is derived from highly accurate measurements of greenhouse gases in air samples collected around the world,” said Vanda Grubišić, Ph.D, director of NOAA’s Global Monitoring Laboratory (GML). “It continues to rise despite international efforts to curb emission of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels that seem to be falling short of their targets.” … ”  Read more from NOAA.

About the Daily Digest: The Daily Digest is a collection of selected news articles, commentaries and editorials appearing in the mainstream press. Items are generally selected to follow the focus of the Notebook blog. The Daily Digest is published every weekday with a weekend edition posting on Sundays.

Into The Afternight: Our 3rd Shift O/T | Arrowhead Guys

what a waste of 1 minute 18 seconds

I knew my fat would come in handy some day

21 days till 1st pre-season game against chicago bears!

What’s Next?Sunday marks day two of the three-day minicamp for rookies, quarterbacks and injured players with a 9:15 a.m. practice in St. Joseph. The minicamp is closed to the public.
Veteran players are due to report Monday afternoon.
Tuesday is an acclimation for players
with the first open practice open to the public at 9:15 a.m., Wednesday, July 27.

Pete “I’m a Little Bitch” Sweeney
Moore caught two of Mahomes‘ first three completions during 7-on-7. In total, Mahomes completed passes to six different receivers on Saturday, which, even in light-roster work, probably fits with the theme of what’s to come in 2022.

Andy Reid liked what he saw in Moore Saturday: “He looked smooth out here… strong. His leg looked like it held up pretty good. He’s got those big legs — different than a lot of receivers. He’s got like running back legs. But he was smooth. Good hands… catches it easy.”

TE Jody Fortson overcame an early drop to score back-to-back red-zone touchdowns from Mahomes later in practice. He might have had a third from QB Chad Henne a couple of plays later. Pacheco had a short score from Henne in red-zone 7-on-7.

On defense, S Bryan Cook forced TE Matt Bushman to fumble shortly after he caught a pass from Mahomes. “We always harp on punching the ball out… saw an opportunity,” he said. Cook added he wished he was able to pick it up but is happy to be practicing good habits.

Other defensive standouts from Saturday: CB Trent McDuffie, who had a pass breakup (PBU) and DB Nazeeh Johnson, who had a PBU and nearly intercepted Mahomes.

If there’s only four, that’s a tough get.
Hunt and Dawson are locks.
Two more? You could argue that the 1969 Defense deserves both.

If we are strictly talking players….

I would keep Lanier and Shields, but have to argue the rest.
DT I understand the sentiment, but honestly I’m not putting him up there. I’m not going to be surprised when he is, either. I’d go Bobby Bell long before DT
Mahomes. Not yet. He’s done nothing Dawson didn’t. Gaudy stats are inflated by the current game. Davidson would have been out 6 games for spearing Mahomes like he did Dawson.

3. Will this be Orlando Brown’s last year with the Chiefs? Brown and the Chiefs were close toward this being a non-issue, but couldn’t come to terms on an extension that would have made him one of the highest-paid left tackles in the league. Brown will play under the $16.6 million franchise tag this season as a result, even though he hasn’t signed the tag yet. If Brown holds out, Lucas Niang is the top candidate to take over the left tackle spot with Andrew Wylie pushing him for the starting job. Rookie Darian Kinnard could also be in the mix, but he’s better suited for right tackle. That is less than ideal for the Chiefs, who have one of the best offensive lines in football when Brown is on the field. Brown wants to be paid like he’s one of the premier left tackles in the league, and he has the opportunity to show the Chiefs he’s worth more than what Kansas City offered him in 2022.  The Chiefs could franchise tag Brown again this offseason and re-enter talks, but Kansas City can’t let this be a distraction for 2022. They have to hope Brown doesn’t hold out, or else they are back to square one in finding a franchise left tackle — which Brown is ready to assure he is. 3. Who’s the right tackle? Storm Norton was a weak link in the Chargers’ offensive line last season, a unit Los Angeles has done an excellent job of addressing over the last two seasons. Los Angeles has one of the best left tackles in the league in Rashawn Slater and signed Corey Linsley, who is also one of the best centers in the league. First-round pick Zion Johnson will occupy one of the guard spots (likely right guard) and Matt Feiler at the other (likely left guard). Norton started 15 of 17 games, allowed nine sacks and 53 pressures last season. He was one of the worst right tackles in pass protection and returned as an exclusive rights free agent. The Charges also have Trey Pipkins, who has started 10 game sin his three years with the team (including two last season).  Don’t sleep on undrafted… Read more »

3. Is there enough firepower to shore up the run defense? The Raiders did an excellent job at giving Maxx Crosby a complementary pass rusher in Chandler Jones who will get after the quarterback. Jones isn’t exactly a run-stopping end like Crosby, but that won’t be his job in Vegas. 

The Raiders have Johnathan Hankins at one of the defensive tackle spots, but he’s starting camp on the PUP list. Bilal Nichols will also start camp on the PUP list, so that’s two projected starters on the line out to start camp. There will be competition for playing time there, as rookies Neil Farrell Jr. and Matthew Butler will look to separate themselves from Vernon Butler and Kyle Peko.
Is that enough to convince Vegas not to upgrade the interior? The Raiders were below average in run defense last year and Hankins was the only upgrade in free agency. Farrell and Butler were both Day 3 picks, so it’s hard to expect them to make an immediate impact in their rookie year. This unit appears to be the weakest link on the Raiders. 

3. How is the pass rush going to look? The Broncos took steps in improving their pass rush this offseason, highlighted by the signing of Randy Gregory away from the Dallas Cowboys (that’s a major get for Denver). Bradley Chubb is a good player when healthy, but he’s missed double-digit games in two of the last three years. 
Gregory and Chubb can be a dangerous combination if both can stay on the field. Second-round pick Nik Bonitto also will battle for snaps in the rotation after accumulating 16 sacks in his last two seasons at Oklahoma while Dre’Mont Jones has 12 sacks over the last two years. Jones, as a No. 3 or No. 4 edge rusher, is in an excellent situation for the Broncos, who had 36 sacks last year (tied for 18th in the NFL). 
The Broncos are going to have to put consistent pressure on Mahomes, Herbert and Carr to win the AFC West. If Chubb is healthy and back to Pro Bowl form, there’s an excellent chance the Broncos’ pass rush can lead them to a division title. 

Both Gregory and Chubb are questionable as to how well they can perform. Outside of his rookie Chubb has been a bust and Gregory has potential but hasn’t really shown that yet.
If we get a fucking left tackle in there BROWN I think we’ll be fine against anyone.

Sign Fish now. If he sits fine. If he signs the tag trade him.

Reply to 


07/23/2022 6:05 pm

If Brown doesn’t sign and show up for training camp then he’s not a team player. Let him sit out the year

Hardman’s reaction when they said the AFC West teams closed the QB gap was priceless 😂

Next Page »